Story Of ‘KALLATTE JARANDAYA’

KALLATTE JARANDAYA, the lieutenant of Padubidri

SRI KHADGESWARI AMMA- who fulfills all the wishes of his devotees

            Jarandaya is a celebrated deity, worshipped throughout Tulunadu, extending from Mangalore to Barakur.

            He is in charge of defending the borders of the kingdom and has taken up the responsibility of looking after all the devotees in his charge.  He has the status of a Rajandaiva or royal deity.  This special status is restricted to just a few deities like Jumadi, Panjurli, Pilicandi, Bobbarya, Kodamantaya etc.  As per the long spiritual tradition of Tulunadu Jarandaya has the onerous responsibility of taking care of the families of his devotees in the capacity of a domestic deity and the royal deity of the whole Village.

            The legend of Jarandaya deity is as follows:

            Once Goddess Gowri, wife of Lord Parameswara sacrificed her life by jumping into the sacrificial pit ‘Yajna Kunda’ of her father King Daksa.  On hearing the news of her self-immolation, Lord Parameswara or Rudra got in to a wild rage and lashed upon the earth with the strands of his entangled hair which resulted in the birth of the ferocious deity -Virabhadra.  As per the command of Lord Parameswara, Virabhadra destroyed Daksha, who, as the enemy of Lord Parameswara, had earned his wrath.  Virabhadra wanted to know what could be his next task which he  would be happy to carry out.  Lord Ishwara advised the ferocious deity Virabhadra to become calm and to get into the earth, the habitation of human beings.  He would have the charge of protecting the devotees who would follow the righteous path of virtue and would punish those  who would transgress the rules of Dharma and he would become famous as Dharma Jarandaya.  The Lord blessed that Jarandaya would show to the world his supernatural powers and his grandeur.

            Virbhadra came to the earth and was on the look out for a suitable spot for him to settle down.  He went along the five coloured soil, truthful expanse of the earth which forms the path of the celestial spirit Naga.  At that time in a place called Jara, near Kulur in Mangaluru, a woman of the ‘Baidya Community by name Abbu Baidedi was picking up shellfish (Maruvayi) in the small river and she happened to pick up a beautiful slab of stone.  Its beauty attracted Abbu Baidedi and she thought that it would be a good gift to her brother Jatti Baidya, who could use it to crush the mixture of betel nut and betel leaves and therefore she wanted to keep it with her the time-being in her basket.  Miraculously that day her basket got easily filled up with shell-fish.  Abbu Baidedi came home, informed her brother Jatti Baidya about her find.  They brought the stone home and kept it inside.

            That night Dharma Daiva (spiritual deity) appeared in the dream of Jatti Baidya and revealed that the stone they brought home was no ordinary stone. It was a case of Dharma Daiva materializing in the place called Jara and he would settle in the place with the name of Dharma Jarandaya.   The stone slab should be placed on a clay pedestal and worshipped.  The coconut, which would be normally used for making curries at home could be first served to the deity and then used to prepare the curries.  The deity assured him that he would lift up Jatti Baidya from his state of abject povety into a state of plentiful prosperity.  And there were many instances where the miraculous powers of the deity manifested themselves.

            Once there occurred a battle between the King of Kuloor and Jatti Baidya, Jatti happened to fall into a cauldrum of boiling  oil, but, he felt as if he had bathed in cold water, he came out of the oil without any hurt, but when he made a sweep of his strands of hair to free them of the drippings of the oil there arose boils on the skin of queens standing beside him.  Baffled, Baidya sent for the Balyaya (astrologer) for consultation and he said that it was the miraculous effect of the advent of Dharma Daiva on the venue.  Jatti Baidya declared himself as a devotee of Dharma Daiva, offered him worship from time to time and offered the land of Jara, as a grant for the service of Jarandaya.

            Thereafter he moved northward form Kulur and showed his miracles in several places.  He took Panjurli as his lieutenant, built many shrines on his way, and he came to the Savira Sime of Padubidri and requested Lord Mahalingeswara of Padubidri for a seat for himself in this place.  Lord Mahalingeswara sent him to Goddess Khadgeswari of Padubidri to seek shelter in a spot under her jurisdiction.  When Jarandaya asked for a shrine in her place, the Godess said that she herself had no shrine, nor did Babbarya and Kordebbe have a shrine.  She said there would be no place for Jarandaya to stay in her region. Dharma Jarandaya persisted in his request for seven nights and seven days without a break.  Goddess Khadgeswari relented at last as a result of his ardent devotion and promised to settle him in a place nearby.  She asked him to settle there as her lieutenant.  Accordingly Jarandaya came to Bettu, negotiated with Goddess Dhumavathi of Gaggelle Kote and settled in Kallatte Guttu.  He acquired fame as Kallatte Jarandaya.

            Later he realized that a single household could not afford to perform all Nemas, Tambilas, Utsavas for him and hence he acquired the control of the eastern, western and middle portions of Gundladi belonging to the jurisdiction of Dhumavathi deity. 

            He received worship from four Guttu families, three Billava families, the Billava community, Mohada Patna, the Devadiga community, Brahmin families and tenants and became famous as the deity of the village.  In deference to the gift of the land made by Goddess Khadgeswari Jarandaya ruled that no religious ritual should begin in his shrine before the arrival of the representative of the Gurikar (chief officer) of the Brahma Sthana of Goddess Khadgeswari.

            The Kallatte Guthu family had been maintaining buffaloes for the Kambala sport for several generations.  These buffaloes are known for their strength and they had always won championships and accolades when the buffaloes were taken to the sport arena, prayers were offered to Jarandaya.  It was common on the occasion that the buffaloes got into a state of possession.  This is what we have heard from our elders.

            Once a buffalo by name ‘Mode’ of Kallatte guttu became naughty and could not be subdued by his master.  The master wielded the whip and the buffalo got wild, escaped from his master and rushed in the direction of the sea.  He seemed to vanish in the sea.  The young men in the neighbourhood moved heaven and earth to trace the buffalo but in vain; when search proved futile till the evening, they became desperate and the master of the Kallatte Guthu family offered prayers to Jarandaya, in repentance for his hasty action, and so, within a minute, the buffalo which had been absconding all the while returned home.

            A poor fisherman called Manju Marakala belonging to the fishermen’s community of Kadipatna of Padubidri was  an ardent devotee of Jarandaya and a virtuous man .Everyday before going on his fishing vocation, to earn his livelihood, he would offer ardent prayers to his favourite deity.  Thus he used to live a life of poverty.  One night Dharma Jarandaya crowed like a Cock at midnight in the yard of Manju Markala as he was sleeping in his hut.  Woken up by the crowing of the cock and thinking it was already dawn, Manju Marakala took up the fishing net on his shoulder and started on his usual stroll to the beach.  When he approached the ‘oath taking stone’ near the Kallatte grove Dharma Jarandaya made his appearance before him, and requested him to offer him a horse, because he had no horse to ride.  The poor Manju Markala pleaded his inability to offer him a horse and asked him what he could do in his extremely poor condition.  Jarandaya asked him to agree to offer him a horse, and then he would become prosperous  and would become famous in the world.  So saying Dharma Jarandaya vanished.

            Manju Marakala, thus urged by Jarandaya prepared a beautiful horse and got blessed by Jarandaya.  Recently when the shrine was renovated, the members of the family of Manju Marakala offered the gift of a horse (wooden?) to Jarandaya.  Thus there is a close affinity between Kallatte Jarandaya and the family of Manju Markala.

            According to the tradition of the shrine four Guttu families should become the Gadi (be crowned) as the chieftains of the temple.  For a long time, in spite of the repeated admonitions of Jaradaya given as a message by the impersonator the members of the family of Mudu Gundladi Guthu refused to assume the charge of the Patta of the shrine.When the women of the family went with labourers to the woods to collect firewood, from unknown sources sand and stones were dropped on them.  The labourers got frightened and returned home without doing any work.

            When the members of the house came out of the house at dusk, there were again rains of sand and stones on them.  They informed the neighbours of the phenomenon.  One of the atheists in the neighbourhood wished to test the incident, and when he came to see what was going on, again there were rains of stones and sand from nowhere and the investigators had to return without doing anything in the regard.  And then paddy, grains, cooked rice etc. stored and preserved in bags and utensils in the home were found splashed and scattered in the yard in the morning.  Finally finding no other way out, the family persuaded Sri Sheena Shetty (now deceased) to agree to be coronetad as one of the chiefs of the shrine and this lead to a solution of the problem of the supernatural harassment.

            Among those who became distinguished chiefs of the temple mention may be made of the late Kallatteguttu Honnayya Shetty, the late Buba Shetty of Nadu Gundladi guttu.  They were extremely devout and highly spiritual in their attitude.  The ‘Dharshan’ of the late Buba Shetty in the course of three rounds of bali during the festival in the shrine used to be extremely impressive and awesome.  The late Shankara Pujary became very renowned as a priest of the shrine.

            A member of the Brahmin community in Begre, Padubidri (name withheld) was a man of virtue, philanthropist and devotee of Jarandaya.  He had endeared himself to all the communities in the village.  Once when they raided groups of people engaged in a gambling game, the Brahmin gentleman who happened to be there prayed to Jarandaya deity to protect his reputation.  Surprisingly the police arrested everybody in the group except the Brahmin gentleman.  The Brahmin offered a silver sword to the Jarandays as a mark of gratitude for protecting his honour.

            An industrialist from Mumbai (name withheld) is a devotee of Jaranday and makes it a point to visit the annual festival in the shrine of Jarandaya in Kallatte.  On one occasion he had reserved a ticket by flight in the evening and took rest after lunch.  He got into sound sleep and if, about one and half before the flight, Jarandaya had not asked him in his dream if it was not time for him to start, he would not havegot up and rushed to the airport to catch the flight.

            There are many such ancedotes about the miraculous feats of the Jarandaya deity.  The renovation of the shrine was completed on 4th Jan. 2009 under the leadership of Sri D.Sadananda Shetty of Mudu Gundaldi Guttu and Sri Purushotham Bhat of Durga Parameshwari Temple of Khar Danpad, Mumbai, with the cooperation of the devotees.  The construction of the Gopuram at an expense of about 75 lakhs and the renovation of the temple were held without any hindrance and ever since then regular feeding of the people and other spiritual activities have been regularly held in the temple precincts.

            During the annual festival in 2013 when Jarandaya visited Goddess Khadgeswari he asked Puurushotham Bhat to provide him with a silver halo (Ani). With the help of the devotees of Sri Durgaparameshwari Devotees group of Khar Dhanpada and of the devotees from far and near a silver halo and other useful items were presented to the deity on 7th May 2013 on the occasion of the Dharma Nema festival of Kallatte Jarandaya which concluded with a grand public feasts.

            Virbhadra came to the earth and was on the look out for a suitable spot for him to settle down.  He went along the five coloured soil, truthful expanse of the earth which forms the path of the celestial spirit Naga.  At that time in a place called Jara, near Kulur in Mangaluru, a woman of the ‘Baidya Community by name Abbu Baidedi was picking up shellfish (Maruvayi) in the small river and she happened to pick up a beautiful slab of stone.  Its beauty attracted Abbu Baidedi and she thought that it would be a good gift to her brother Jatti Baidya, who could use it to crush the mixture of betel nut and betel leaves and therefore she wanted to keep it with her the time-being in her basket.  Miraculously that day her basket got easily filled up with shell-fish.  Abbu Baidedi came home, informed her brother Jatti Baidya about her find.  They brought the stone home and kept it inside.

            That night Dharma Daiva (spiritual deity) appeared in the dream of Jatti Baidya and revealed that the stone they brought home was no ordinary stone. It was a case of Dharma Daiva materializing in the place called Jara and he would settle in the place with the name of Dharma Jarandaya.   The stone slab should be placed on a clay pedestal and worshipped.  The coconut, which would be normally used for making curries at home could be first served to the deity and then used to prepare the curries.  The deity assured him that he would lift up Jatti Baidya from his state of abject povety into a state of plentiful prosperity.  And there were many instances where the miraculous powers of the deity manifested themselves.

            Once there occurred a battle between the King of Kuloor and Jatti Baidya, Jatti happened to fall into a cauldrum of boiling  oil, but, he felt as if he had bathed in cold water, he came out of the oil without any hurt, but when he made a sweep of his strands of hair to free them of the drippings of the oil there arose boils on the skin of queens standing beside him.  Baffled, Baidya sent for the Balyaya (astrologer) for consultation and he said that it was the miraculous effect of the advent of Dharma Daiva on the venue.  Jatti Baidya declared himself as a devotee of Dharma Daiva, offered him worship from time to time and offered the land of Jara, as a grant for the service of Jarandaya.

            Thereafter he moved northward form Kulur and showed his miracles in several places.  He took Panjurli as his lieutenant, built many shrines on his way, and he came to the Savira Sime of Padubidri and requested Lord Mahalingeswara of Padubidri for a seat for himself in this place.  Lord Mahalingeswara sent him to Goddess Khadgeswari of Padubidri to seek shelter in a spot under her jurisdiction.  When Jarandaya asked for a shrine in her place, the Godess said that she herself had no shrine, nor did Babbarya and Kordebbe have a shrine.  She said there would be no place for Jarandaya to stay in her region. Dharma Jarandaya persisted in his request for seven nights and seven days without a break.  Goddess Khadgeswari relented at last as a result of his ardent devotion and promised to settle him in a place nearby.  She asked him to settle there as her lieutenant.  Accordingly Jarandaya came to Bettu, negotiated with Goddess Dhumavathi of Gaggelle Kote and settled in Kallatte Guttu.  He acquired fame as Kallatte Jarandaya.

            Later he realized that a single household could not afford to perform all Nemas, Tambilas, Utsavas for him and hence he acquired the control of the eastern, western and middle portions of Gundladi belonging to the jurisdiction of Dhumavathi deity. 

            He received worship from four Guttu families, three Billava families, the Billava community, Mohada Patna, the Devadiga community, Brahmin families and tenants and became famous as the deity of the village.  In deference to the gift of the land made by Goddess Khadgeswari Jarandaya ruled that no religious ritual should begin in his shrine before the arrival of the representative of the Gurikar (chief officer) of the Brahma Sthana of Goddess Khadgeswari.

            The Kallatte Guthu family had been maintaining buffaloes for the Kambala sport for several generations.  These buffaloes are known for their strength and they had always won championships and accolades when the buffaloes were taken to the sport arena, prayers were offered to Jarandaya.  It was common on the occasion that the buffaloes got into a state of possession.  This is what we have heard from our elders.

            Once a buffalo by name ‘Mode’ of Kallatte guttu became naughty and could not be subdued by his master.  The master wielded the whip and the buffalo got wild, escaped from his master and rushed in the direction of the sea.  He seemed to vanish in the sea.  The young men in the neighbourhood moved heaven and earth to trace the buffalo but in vain; when search proved futile till the evening, they became desperate and the master of the Kallatte Guthu family offered prayers to Jarandaya, in repentance for his hasty action, and so, within a minute, the buffalo which had been absconding all the while returned home.

            A poor fisherman called Manju Marakala belonging to the fishermen’s community of Kadipatna of Padubidri was  an ardent devotee of Jarandaya and a virtuous man .Everyday before going on his fishing vocation, to earn his livelihood, he would offer ardent prayers to his favourite deity.  Thus he used to live a life of poverty.  One night Dharma Jarandaya crowed like a Cock at midnight in the yard of Manju Markala as he was sleeping in his hut.  Woken up by the crowing of the cock and thinking it was already dawn, Manju Marakala took up the fishing net on his shoulder and started on his usual stroll to the beach.  When he approached the ‘oath taking stone’ near the Kallatte grove Dharma Jarandaya made his appearance before him, and requested him to offer him a horse, because he had no horse to ride.  The poor Manju Markala pleaded his inability to offer him a horse and asked him what he could do in his extremely poor condition.  Jarandaya asked him to agree to offer him a horse, and then he would become prosperous  and would become famous in the world.  So saying Dharma Jarandaya vanished.

            Manju Marakala, thus urged by Jarandaya prepared a beautiful horse and got blessed by Jarandaya.  Recently when the shrine was renovated, the members of the family of Manju Marakala offered the gift of a horse (wooden?) to Jarandaya.  Thus there is a close affinity between Kallatte Jarandaya and the family of Manju Markala.

            According to the tradition of the shrine four Guttu families should become the Gadi (be crowned) as the chieftains of the temple.  For a long time, in spite of the repeated admonitions of Jaradaya given as a message by the impersonator the members of the family of Mudu Gundladi Guthu refused to assume the charge of the Patta of the shrine.When the women of the family went with labourers to the woods to collect firewood, from unknown sources sand and stones were dropped on them.  The labourers got frightened and returned home without doing any work.

            When the members of the house came out of the house at dusk, there were again rains of sand and stones on them.  They informed the neighbours of the phenomenon.  One of the atheists in the neighbourhood wished to test the incident, and when he came to see what was going on, again there were rains of stones and sand from nowhere and the investigators had to return without doing anything in the regard.  And then paddy, grains, cooked rice etc. stored and preserved in bags and utensils in the home were found splashed and scattered in the yard in the morning.  Finally finding no other way out, the family persuaded Sri Sheena Shetty (now deceased) to agree to be coronetad as one of the chiefs of the shrine and this lead to a solution of the problem of the supernatural harassment.

            Among those who became distinguished chiefs of the temple mention may be made of the late Kallatteguttu Honnayya Shetty, the late Buba Shetty of Nadu Gundladi guttu.  They were extremely devout and highly spiritual in their attitude.  The ‘Dharshan’ of the late Buba Shetty in the course of three rounds of bali during the festival in the shrine used to be extremely impressive and awesome.  The late Shankara Pujary became very renowned as a priest of the shrine.

            A member of the Brahmin community in Begre, Padubidri (name withheld) was a man of virtue, philanthropist and devotee of Jarandaya.  He had endeared himself to all the communities in the village.  Once when they raided groups of people engaged in a gambling game, the Brahmin gentleman who happened to be there prayed to Jarandaya deity to protect his reputation.  Surprisingly the police arrested everybody in the group except the Brahmin gentleman.  The Brahmin offered a silver sword to the Jarandays as a mark of gratitude for protecting his honour.

            An industrialist from Mumbai (name withheld) is a devotee of Jaranday and makes it a point to visit the annual festival in the shrine of Jarandaya in Kallatte.  On one occasion he had reserved a ticket by flight in the evening and took rest after lunch.  He got into sound sleep and if, about one and half before the flight, Jarandaya had not asked him in his dream if it was not time for him to start, he would not havegot up and rushed to the airport to catch the flight.

            There are many such ancedotes about the miraculous feats of the Jarandaya deity.  The renovation of the shrine was completed on 4th Jan. 2009 under the leadership of Sri D.Sadananda Shetty of Mudu Gundaldi Guttu and Sri Purushotham Bhat of Durga Parameshwari Temple of Khar Danpad, Mumbai, with the cooperation of the devotees.  The construction of the Gopuram at an expense of about 75 lakhs and the renovation of the temple were held without any hindrance and ever since then regular feeding of the people and other spiritual activities have been regularly held in the temple precincts.

            During the annual festival in 2013 when Jarandaya visited Goddess Khadgeswari he asked Puurushotham Bhat to provide him with a silver halo (Ani). With the help of the devotees of Sri Durgaparameshwari Devotees group of Khar Dhanpada and of the devotees from far and near a silver halo and other useful items were presented to the deity on 7th May 2013 on the occasion of the Dharma Nema festival of Kallatte Jarandaya which concluded with a grand public feasts.

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